Valerian Root Extract (Valeriana officinalis): 150 mg
Valerian is a perennial plant native to Europe and Asia and grown in North America, that can grow over 6 feet tall, with small pink to white flowers. The roots and rhizome of valerian are used in dietary supplements to promote sleep. Valerenic acid and other constituents of valerian may inhibit the enzyme system responsible for the central catabolism of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), thereby supporting GABA concentrations and promoting relaxation. *
Hops Extract (Humulus lupulus): 50 mg
Hops are cone-like structures of Humulus lupulus, a vine that is native to Eurasia and temperate regions of North America. Humulus lupulus is also grown in parts of South America, South Africa, and Australia. The term "hops" originates from the Anglo-Saxon term "hoppan", meaning "to climb." Hops extracts and oils are used in food and beverage as flavor components and are also used in dietary supplements to promote sleep. Hops may promote relaxation effects by helping to promoting normal levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. *
Melatonin: 10 mg
Melatonin is a neurohormone produced in the brain by the pineal gland. The synthesis and release of melatonin are stimulated by darkness and suppressed by light, suggesting the involvement of melatonin in the circadian rhythm and regulation of diverse body functions. Levels of melatonin in the blood are highest prior to bedtime. It is found in animals and, in much lower concentrations, in plants. Melatonin is synthesized endogenously by the pinealocytes of the pineal gland, and the essential amino acid L-tryptophan is a precursor in its synthesis. Melatonin supplementation has become popular to support sleep. It has also been known to assist with jet lag. *
L-Tryptophan: 5 mg
In the body, tryptophan is converted into 5-hydroxytryptophan, which then can be converted into serotonin. The body cannot naturally produce this amino acid; therefore, it must be a part of the diet or ingested through supplementation. Tryptophan is a component of many animal and plant proteins. Food sources of tryptophan are dairy products, beef, poultry, barley, brown rice, fish, soybeans and peanuts.
L-Theanine: 5 mg
L-Theanine is the major amino acid found in green tea, historically used for its relaxing effects. Theanine may work for relaxation by promoting normal levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), serotonin and dopamine. In the central nervous system, GABA is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter which promotes calming effects at the cellular level. Dopamine supports the normal regulation of many functions within the brain regarding behavior, cognition, sleep, mood, attention and memory. *
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product(s) is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.